What is acne ?
Oily and shiny skin, a few pimples, some blackheads show up on the cheeks or the nose….
The beginning of acne which means the start of puberty; from overactive oil glands that produce too much sebum to an increase in sex hormones during this important time in life.
It is a widespread disorder since acne affects 83% of girls and 95% of boys…since its progress is unpredictable, from almost spontaneous healing to lingering, its treatment should be taken seriously and be specific..
Stages of acne...
- Hyperseborrhea: The first stage in all types of acne. Too much sebum production: The skin is shiny and small pimples appear.
- Retentional acne: The sebum build up in the follicle leads to the formation of open comedones (blackheads) or closed (whiteheads).
- Inflammatory acne: Bacteria proliferation (Propionibacterium acnes) as the hair follicle breaks inside the dermis; red pimples (papules) followed by pustules (filled with pus) appear.
- Nodulocystic acne: Swelling and inflammation of the sebaceous glands lead to the formation of oozing nodules.
Medications: Specific treatment for each stage of acne
Your physician’s advice
- Light acne: Topical comedolytic treatment (help loosen blackheads) or topical antibiotics to fight inflammation.
- Moderate acne : When topical treatments are not enough, an oral antibiotic treatment must be added. Be very careful about sun exposure (sensitization risk): You must “photoprotect” your skin. Ask your physician for advice.
- Severe acne : The use of Isotretinoin is usually necessary. It is prescribed by your physician since it involves severe caution, particularly in relation to contraception. Usually, results are spectacular.
Your dermatologist or pharmacist can recommend cleansing and moisturizing products formulated for your skin type and disorder.
A few product guidelines:
- Gentle products to protect your skin
- Moisturizing or emollient products to address skin dryness issues resulting from certain treatments
- “Non-comedogenic” products to help prevent the appearance of new blackheads
... and generally, products specifically formulated for acne-prone skin.