The sun, friend or foe ?
The sun is the closest star to us. It is a source of pleasure but sun rays can have harmful effects on your skin.
We are particularly interested in two components of sun rays:
-UVAs: Penetrate deeply into the skin, can damage elastic fibers and are responsible for premature skin aging. They are also responsible for certain types of skin cancers.
-UVBs: Stimulate the production of melanin resulting in a tan within 48 hours. Can cause sunburns in the short term and premature skin aging in the long term. Can also increase the risks of certain skin cancers.
Your skin can react to the sun in many ways and these reactions are more or less quickly visible…… based, in particular, on your phototype. It will dictate your sun resistance. It is therefore key to know your phototype.
- Tanning is the body’s natural protection from UVs. The melanocytes from the lower layer of the epidermis produce melanin (a brown pigment) which absorbs sun rays and creates a shield from the sun.
- Sunburn, a burn induced by UVBs, a sign of overexposure.
-First degree looks like a red area outlining the exposed zones. It is painful and burning.
-Second degree consists of water bubbles and blisters.
-Feeling faint, a headache, a fever, or dehydration from heatstroke can be part of the symptoms.
- Overexposure excesses and lack of protection might cause other problems.
- Photodermatosis: These disorders are also called “sun allergies” Benign summer lucite is the most common (eruptions and itching on the neckline and the forearms). « Polymorphic » light eruption and solar urticaria are more rare.
- Sun spots: Brown spots that can appear on the most exposed areas (face and hands).
- Premature skin aging: Visible on the face, neck, back of the neck, back of the hands, forearms
- Skin cancer risk : Protect yourself from this real risk.
Check your moles and spots regularly.
Examining your skin regularly is crucial for early detection of melanomas. It is easy to do, alone in front of a mirror or with the help of a family member.